Global trends in alcohol consumption and attributable harm
Jürgen REHM - Toronto - Canada
Global alcohol consumption has been increasing over the past 50 years, but there are different trends for different regions, especially for the past decade. While many high-income countries has experienced declining consumption, India and China have increased their consumption. It is predicted that at least for India, this trend will continue. In addition, it is predicted that in the poorest economies, alcohol consumption will increase, if economic indicators such as GDP-PPP improve. In general, alcohol-attributable burden of disease has followed the trend of consumption, but there is the impact of patterns of drinking (especially, episodic heavy drinking) impacting on disease burden in addition to the average volume of consumption.