Global drug policy on the crossroad: the need for fundamental paradigm change
Pavel BEM - Prague - République Tchèque
The «war on drug» has failed. Use of illicit substances has increased around the globe and organized crime is benefitting from even higher profits. Unintended negative consequences of repressive drug policies are dramatic: massive imprisonment, epidemics of HIV/AIDS, violation of human tights and overall negative impact on social and economic development. Global drug policy is in need of reform. Some countries have already introduced alternative measures focused at public health which proved to be not only human but also cost benefit and cost effective. The Global Commission on Drug Policy is advocating for new drug policy goals and targets that emphasize public health, human rights, citizen security and sustainable social and economic development. The international debate related to UNGASS 2016 is promising. President Obama is calling for criminal justice reform arguing that many of nonviolent drug offenders are serving unnecessarily long sentences. Kofi Annan is advocating not only for decriminalization of drug use but also for regulation of drug markets. Global drug policy is changing. Is that enough?